A look into potentially the greatest platform of human history.
Note: I´ve moved to SubStack. I´ll still be posting things on Medium occasionally , but now you can find most of my new work here.
Since this autumn, I have been studying molecular biology as I have been working on blockchain related matters, amongst other topics. I´m sharing my main takeaways on this post, as it refers to the upcoming genomics and proteomics revolution and how to invest in it.
Genomics is essentially the study of the genome: the information that guides the evolution of all known living creatures. The human genome, for instance, is simply a set of instructions that determines the way your entire body is created and functions. The genome is composed of deoxyribonucleic acid, otherwise known as DNA. DNA is found within the cells of living creatures, specifically within the nucleus. The cells of mammals are known as eukaryotic cells — cells that contains membrane bound organelles (small “machines” within the cell that perform different functions).
One of these machines is known as the ribosome. The ribosome is in charge of synthesizing proteins, that are the building blocks of our bodies and of other living creatures. How do ribosomes create proteins, you may wonder? Firstly, the DNA in the nucleus gets replicated. Then, the replica of the DNA gets transcribed to what is known as ribonucleic acid, or RNA, which is a slightly different form of DNA. Ribosomes then read the RNA and translate it into aminoacids. We can map DNA to aminoacids, meaning that we know that aminoacid sequence a given DNA sequence will ultimately yield.
Aminoacids are organic molecules with both an amino group and a carboxyl group. The R side-chain varies according to each amino acid.
There are 20 different aminoacids, each with its own R-group. Each has a specific…